Anchors in Dinevi Resort – photos
Announcement of the sunken history of the Black Sea, how the Black Sea was formed, and the myth of the flood.
This announcement in photos is dedicated to Her Majesty the Anchor, which finds a place in the gardens of Dinevi Resort, Saint Vlas – symbolizes the connection of coastal settlements with the sea, as well as the importance of maritime trade for the local population, which earns its living by shipping since ancient times.
The waters of the Black Sea fill an isolated depression formed during the Miocene in the process of active mountain formation. Thus, the ancient Tethys Ocean was fragmented into several separate large bodies of water, whose descendants today are the Black, Azov, Aral and Caspian Seas.
One of the possible hypotheses (created by Prof. Petko Dimitrov in 1982 and supplemented by the American scientists Ryan and Pitman, 1997) about the origin of the Black Sea states that about 7500 years ago it was a non-draining freshwater lake. Its shores were located about a hundred meters below sea level.
Towards the end of the last ice age, the level of the oceans rose sharply. Thus, through the lowest part of the Bosphorus, from the Mediterranean Sea, sea water invaded the lake basin. In support of this hypothesis is the underwater river, discovered on the bottom of the Black Sea in 2010, which was formed about 6000 years ago and continues to flow today. Sea level started quickly raised for a short time were flooded about 100 000 km² along the coast, which at that time were inhabited by people. Perhaps this fact was used to build the myth of the flood.
As a result of increasing salinity of the water, freshwater species became extinct, sank to the bottom and became a decomposing mass. The product of decay is hydrogen sulfide, whose concentration at the bottom of the sea is quite high.
The expedition, called the Black Sea Maritime Archeology Project, managed to find perfectly preserved sunken antique ships thanks to hydrogen sulfide, scanned three-dimensionally with underwater robots. In the previous stages of the expedition, 40 ships were found, and in 2017 – another 20 – with the help of two underwater robots. The discovery includes galleries from the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman Empires. Some of them sank around 400 BC.
The earliest shipwreck, which was studied is called conditionally “Ship of Odysseus.” This is a ship from the beginning of IV c. BC., Which lies at a depth of 1700 m in the northern zone. It was probably a military or military-commercial. It is practically identical to the ship, which can be seen on a very famous red-figure Greek vase, kept in the British Museum. It depicts the myth of Odysseus passing by the sirens.
In parallel with the research of ships on the high seas, a project began for the excavation of an archeological site, discovered in the late 1970s, at the mouth of the Ropotamo River – a settlement from the Early Bronze Age.